|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
In December 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) was enacted, which amends the Internal Revenue Code to reduce tax rates and modify policies, credits, and deductions for individuals and businesses. For businesses, the TCJA reduces the corporate federal tax rate from a maximum of 35% to a flat 21% rate. The rate reduction took effect on January 1, 2018. The TCJA enactment caused the Company’s United States deferred tax assets and liabilities to be revalued at December 31, 2017. The international provisions of the TCJA generally establish a territorial-style system for taxing foreign-sourced income of domestic multinational corporations, require companies to pay a one-time transition tax on earnings of certain foreign-sourced subsidiaries that were previously tax-deferred, and create new taxes on certain foreign-sourced earnings. At December 31, 2017, the Company made a reasonable estimate of the effects of the TCJA on existing deferred tax balances and the one-time transition tax. During the third quarter of 2018, the Company refined the computation of the one-time transition tax liability for foreign subsidiaries to approximately $100.0 million. The change in computed liability does not impact 2018 tax expense since it is expected that the liability will continue to be offset by fully-valued tax attribute carryforwards. The Company has not completed its analysis of the impacts of the one-time transition tax and may make further adjustments to its accounting related to TCJA during the fourth quarter of 2018.
In December 2017, the SEC issued guidance for companies that have not completed the accounting for the income tax effects of the TCJA. Under this guidance, a company may report provisional amounts based on reasonable estimates where the accounting is incomplete. These amounts are subject to adjustments during a measurement period of up to one year beginning in the reporting period of the enactment date. In accordance with this guidance, the Company has determined that the impact of the TCJA on deferred taxes and the transition tax inclusion recorded on the mandatory deemed repatriation of foreign earnings were provisional amounts and reasonable estimates at December 31, 2017. The amounts recorded in 2017 and refined in 2018 remain reasonable estimates as of September 30, 2018 based on information available to date. Additional work is necessary for a more detailed analysis of our deferred tax assets and liabilities and our historical foreign earnings as well as potential correlative adjustments. Any subsequent adjustment to the amount will be recorded in the fourth quarter of 2018 when the analysis is complete, but is not anticipated to impact tax expense due to the existence of fully-valued tax attribute carryforwards.
Although the TCJA generally eliminates United States federal income tax on dividends from foreign subsidiaries, it creates a new requirement that certain income, referred to as Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”), earned by controlled foreign corporations must be included currently in the gross income of the entity’s United States taxpayer. In accordance with this guidance, the Company is allowed to make an accounting policy choice of either (1) treating taxes due on future United States inclusions in taxable income related to GILTI as a current-period expense when incurred or (2) factoring such amounts into the Company’s measurement of its deferred taxes. Because of the complexity of the new GILTI tax rules, the Company continues to evaluate this provision of the TCJA and has not yet determined its accounting policy. As of September 30, 2018, because the Company is still evaluating the GILTI provisions and its analysis of future taxable income that is subject to GILTI, it has included the GILTI impact related to current-year operations only in its estimated annual effective tax rate computations and has not provided additional GILTI impact on deferred items. The GILTI taxable income inclusion does not affect the 2018 tax expense due to the existence of fully-valued tax attribute carryforwards.
Beyond the inclusions required pursuant to the TCJA, no additional income taxes have been provided for any remaining undistributed foreign earnings that are considered to be permanently reinvested.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef