|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]|
|REVENUE RECOGNITION||REVENUE RECOGNITION
The global COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the recognition of revenue for our Concerts and Ticketing segments. In mid-March, we temporarily ceased all of our tours and closed our venues to support global efforts at social distancing to mitigate the spread of the virus, and to comply with restrictions put in place by various governmental entities.
For our Concerts segment, the impact is primarily a delay in the timing of revenue recognition as many events are being rescheduled to dates later in the year or further out into 2021. For events that have been cancelled as of March 31, 2020, the deferred revenue has been reclassified to accrued expenses on our consolidated balance sheets where not already refunded to the fan.
For our Ticketing segment, the impact is similar to the Concerts segment if the tickets sold for an event are controlled by our concert promoters. For the Ticketing segment’s third-party clients, previously recognized service charges are reversed from revenue when the event is cancelled, including events cancelled after the balance sheet date but prior to the filing of our financial statements. The revenue reversal is reflected as accrued expenses on our consolidated balance sheets where not already refunded to the fan.
Concerts revenue, including intersegment revenue, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
Our Concerts segment generates revenue from the promotion or production of live music events and festivals in our owned or operated venues and in rented third-party venues, artist management commissions and the sale of merchandise for music artists at events. As a promoter and venue operator, we earn revenue primarily from the sale of tickets, concessions, merchandise, parking, ticket rebates or service charges on tickets sold by Ticketmaster or third-party ticketing agreements, and rental of our owned or operated venues. As an artist manager, we earn commissions on the earnings of the artists and other clients we represent, primarily derived from clients’ earnings for concert tours. Over 95% of Concerts’ revenue, whether related to promotion, venue operations, artist management or artist event merchandising, is recognized on the day of the related event. The majority of consideration for our Concerts segment is collected in advance of or on the day of the event. Consideration received in advance of the event is recorded as deferred revenue. Any consideration not collected by the day of the event is typically received within three months after the event date.
Ticketing revenue, including intersegment revenue, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
Ticket fee revenue is generated from convenience and order processing fees, or service charges, charged at the time a ticket for an event is sold in either the primary or secondary markets. Our Ticketing segment is primarily an agency business that sells tickets for events on behalf of its clients, which include venues, concert promoters, professional sports franchises and leagues, college sports teams, theater producers and museums. Our Ticketing segment is acting as an agent on behalf of its clients and records revenue arising from convenience and order processing fees, regardless of whether these fees are related to tickets sold in the primary or secondary market, and regardless of whether these fees are associated with our concert events or third-party clients’ concert events. Our Ticketing segment does not record the face value of the tickets as revenue. Ticket fee revenue is recognized when the ticket is sold for third-party clients and secondary market sales, as we have no further obligation to our client’s customers following the sale of the ticket. For our concert events where our concert promoters control ticketing, ticket fee revenue is recognized when the event occurs because we also have the obligation to deliver the event to the fan. The delivery of the ticket to the fan is not considered a distinct performance obligation for our concert events because the fan cannot receive the benefits of the ticket unless we also fulfill our obligation to deliver the event. The majority of ticket fee revenue is collected within the month of the ticket sale. Revenue received from the sale of tickets in advance of our concert
events is recorded as deferred revenue. Reported revenue is net of any refunds made or committed to during the period and also the impact of any cancellations of events that occurred during the period and up to the time of filing these financial statements.
Ticketing contract advances, which can be either recoupable or non-recoupable, represent amounts paid in advance to our clients pursuant to ticketing agreements and are reflected in prepaid expenses or in long-term advances if the amount is expected to be recouped or recognized over a period of more than twelve months. Recoupable ticketing contract advances are generally recoupable against future royalties earned by the client, based on the contract terms, over the life of the contract. Royalties are typically earned by the client when tickets are sold. Royalties paid to clients are recorded as a reduction to revenue when the tickets are sold and the corresponding service charge revenue is recognized. Non-recoupable ticketing contract advances, excluding those amounts paid to support clients’ advertising costs, are fixed additional incentives occasionally paid by us to certain clients to secure the contract and are typically amortized over the life of the contract on a straight-line basis as a reduction to revenue. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had ticketing contract advances of $81.5 million and $100.9 million, respectively, recorded in prepaid expenses and $96.1 million and $105.7 million, respectively, recorded in long-term advances on the consolidated balance sheets. We amortized $18.8 million and $17.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to non-recoupable ticketing contract advances.
Sponsorship & Advertising
Sponsorship & Advertising revenue, including intersegment revenue, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
Our Sponsorship & Advertising segment generates revenue from sponsorship and marketing programs that provide its sponsors with strategic, international, national and local opportunities to reach customers through our venue, concert and ticketing assets, including advertising on our websites. These programs can also include custom events or programs for the sponsors’ specific brands, which are typically experienced exclusively by the sponsors’ customers. Sponsorship agreements may contain multiple elements, which provide several distinct benefits to the sponsor over the term of the agreement, and can be for a single or multi-year term. We also earn revenue from exclusive access rights provided to sponsors in various categories such as ticket pre-sales, beverage pouring rights, venue naming rights, media campaigns, signage within our venues, and advertising on our websites. Revenue from sponsorship agreements is allocated to the multiple elements based on the relative stand-alone selling price of each separate element, which are determined using vendor-specific evidence, third-party evidence or our best estimate of the fair value. Revenue is recognized over the term of the agreement or operating season as the benefits are provided to the sponsor unless the revenue is associated with a specific event, in which case it is recognized when the event occurs. Revenue is collected in installment payments during the year, typically in advance of providing the benefit or the event. Revenue received in advance of the event or the sponsor receiving the benefit is recorded as deferred revenue.
At March 31, 2020, we had contracted sponsorship agreements with terms greater than one year that had approximately $1.0 billion of revenue related to future benefits to be provided by us. We expect to recognize, based on current projections, approximately 29%, 28%, 17% and 26% of this revenue in the remainder of 2020, 2021, 2022 and thereafter, respectively.
The majority of our deferred revenue is classified as current and is shown as a separate line item on the consolidated balance sheets. Deferred revenue that is not expected to be recognized within the next twelve months is classified as long-term and reflected in other long-term liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. We had current deferred revenue of $1.4 billion and $1.2 billion at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
The table below summarizes the amount of deferred revenue from December 31 recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:
As of March 31, 2020, approximately 4% of the deferred revenue balance from December 31, 2019 is expected to be recognized in 2021 and thus such amounts remain in deferred revenue, and approximately 3% of the balance has been or will be refunded to fans as the corresponding events have been cancelled, and thus such amounts have been reclassified to accrued expenses if not already refunded.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef